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Entities

This page lists the character entities that are found in the XHTML 1.0 Strict DTD. They have been extracted from the entities files xhtml-lat1.ent, xhtml-symbol.ent and xhtml-special.ent. Descriptions and all information listed in the table below come from the above listed files, this document just lists them for convienince sake. I take no credit and all information is copyright © 1994-2002 W3C (at time of writting)

I also have an entities converter that will convert any text into entities for you, so you do not have to waste time.

Character Entities
Output Character Character Entity Numeric Character References Description
Copyright notice: Portions © International Organization for Standardization 1986 Permission to copy in any form is granted for use with conforming SGML systems and applications as defined in ISO 8879, provided this notice is included in all copies.
Latin characters
   no-break space = non-breaking space, U+00A0
¡¡¡inverted exclamation mark, U+00A1
¢¢¢cent sign, U+00A2
£££pound sign, U+00A3
¤¤¤currency sign, U+00A4
¥¥¥yen sign = yuan sign, U+00A5
¦¦¦broken bar = broken vertical bar, U+00A6
§§§section sign, U+00A7
¨¨¨diaeresis = spacing diaeresis, U+00A8
©©©copyright sign, U+00A9
ªªªfeminine ordinal indicator, U+00AA
«««left-pointing double angle quotation mark = left pointing guillemet, U+00AB
¬¬¬not sign = angled dash, U+00AC
­­­soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen, U+00AD
®®®registered sign = registered trade mark sign, U+00AE
¯¯¯macron = spacing macron = overline = APL overbar, U+00AF
°°°degree sign, U+00B0
±±±plus-minus sign = plus-or-minus sign, U+00B1
²²²superscript two = superscript digit two = squared, U+00B2
³³³superscript three = superscript digit three = cubed, U+00B3
´´´acute accent = spacing acute, U+00B4
µµµmicro sign, U+00B5
¶¶pilcrow sign = paragraph sign, U+00B6
···middle dot = Georgian comma = Greek middle dot, U+00B7
¸¸¸cedilla = spacing cedilla, U+00B8
¹¹¹superscript one = superscript digit one, U+00B9
ºººmasculine ordinal indicator, U+00BA
»»»right-pointing double angle quotation mark = right pointing guillemet, U+00BB
¼¼¼vulgar fraction one quarter = fraction one quarter, U+00BC
½½½vulgar fraction one half = fraction one half, U+00BD
¾¾¾vulgar fraction three quarters = fraction three quarters, U+00BE
¿¿¿inverted question mark = turned question mark, U+00BF
ÀÀÀlatin capital letter A with grave = latin capital letter A grave, U+00C0
ÁÁÁlatin capital letter A with acute, U+00C1
ÂÂÂlatin capital letter A with circumflex, U+00C2
ÃÃÃlatin capital letter A with tilde, U+00C3
ÄÄÄlatin capital letter A with diaeresis, U+00C4
ÅÅÅlatin capital letter A with ring above = latin capital letter A ring, U+00C5
ÆÆÆlatin capital letter AE = latin capital ligature AE, U+00C6
ÇÇÇlatin capital letter C with cedilla, U+00C7
ÈÈÈlatin capital letter E with grave, U+00C8
ÉÉÉlatin capital letter E with acute, U+00C9
ÊÊÊlatin capital letter E with circumflex, U+00CA
ËËËlatin capital letter E with diaeresis, U+00CB
ÌÌÌlatin capital letter I with grave, U+00CC
ÍÍÍlatin capital letter I with acute, U+00CD
ÎÎÎlatin capital letter I with circumflex, U+00CE
ÏÏÏlatin capital letter I with diaeresis, U+00CF
ÐÐÐlatin capital letter ETH, U+00D0
ÑÑÑlatin capital letter N with tilde, U+00D1
ÒÒÒlatin capital letter O with grave, U+00D2
ÓÓÓlatin capital letter O with acute, U+00D3
ÔÔÔlatin capital letter O with circumflex, U+00D4
ÕÕÕlatin capital letter O with tilde, U+00D5
ÖÖÖlatin capital letter O with diaeresis, U+00D6
×××multiplication sign, U+00D7
ØØØlatin capital letter O with stroke = latin capital letter O slash, U+00D8
ÙÙÙlatin capital letter U with grave, U+00D9
ÚÚÚlatin capital letter U with acute, U+00DA
ÛÛÛlatin capital letter U with circumflex, U+00DB
ÜÜÜlatin capital letter U with diaeresis, U+00DC
ÝÝÝlatin capital letter Y with acute, U+00DD
ÞÞÞlatin capital letter THORN, U+00DE
ßßßlatin small letter sharp s = ess-zed, U+00DF
àààlatin small letter a with grave = latin small letter a grave, U+00E0
ááálatin small letter a with acute, U+00E1
âââlatin small letter a with circumflex, U+00E2
ãããlatin small letter a with tilde, U+00E3
ääälatin small letter a with diaeresis, U+00E4
ååålatin small letter a with ring above = latin small letter a ring, U+00E5
ææælatin small letter ae = latin small ligature ae, U+00E6
çççlatin small letter c with cedilla, U+00E7
èèèlatin small letter e with grave, U+00E8
ééélatin small letter e with acute, U+00E9
êêêlatin small letter e with circumflex, U+00EA
ëëëlatin small letter e with diaeresis, U+00EB
ìììlatin small letter i with grave, U+00EC
ííílatin small letter i with acute, U+00ED
îîîlatin small letter i with circumflex, U+00EE
ïïïlatin small letter i with diaeresis, U+00EF
ðððlatin small letter eth, U+00F0
ñññlatin small letter n with tilde, U+00F1
òòòlatin small letter o with grave, U+00F2
óóólatin small letter o with acute, U+00F3
ôôôlatin small letter o with circumflex, U+00F4
õõõlatin small letter o with tilde, U+00F5
ööölatin small letter o with diaeresis, U+00F6
÷÷÷division sign, U+00F7
øøølatin small letter o with stroke, = latin small letter o slash, U+00F8
ùùùlatin small letter u with grave, U+00F9
úúúlatin small letter u with acute, U+00FA
ûûûlatin small letter u with circumflex, U+00FB
üüülatin small letter u with diaeresis, U+00FC
ýýýlatin small letter y with acute, U+00FD
þþþlatin small letter thorn, U+00FE
ÿÿÿlatin small letter y with diaeresis, U+00FF
Special characters
""" quotation mark, U+0022
&&& ampersand, U+0026
<&lt;&#60; less-than sign, U+003C
>&gt;&#62; greater-than sign, U+003E
' &apos; &#39; apostrophe = APL quote, U+0027 (Note: &apos; has trouble in most of the current browsers as it is an XML entity. The only browsers I have found to support it are Mozilla/Netscape 6, Opera 7 and Lynx (text-only browser))
Œ&OElig;&#338; latin capital ligature OE, U+0152
œ&oelig;&#339; latin small ligature oe, U+0153
Š&Scaron;&#352; latin capital letter S with caron, U+0160
š&scaron;&#353; latin small letter s with caron, U+0161
Ÿ&Yuml;&#376; latin capital letter Y with diaeresis, U+0178
ˆ&circ;&#710; modifier letter circumflex accent, U+02C6
˜&tilde;&#732; small tilde, U+02DC
&ensp;&#8194;en space, U+2002
&emsp;&#8195;em space, U+2003
&thinsp;&#8201;thin space, U+2009
&zwnj;&#8204;zero width non-joiner, U+200C NEW RFC 2070
&zwj;&#8205;zero width joiner, U+200D NEW RFC 2070
&lrm;&#8206;left-to-right mark, U+200E NEW RFC 2070
&rlm;&#8207;right-to-left mark, U+200F NEW RFC 2070
&ndash;&#8211;en dash, U+2013
&mdash;&#8212;em dash, U+2014
&lsquo;&#8216;left single quotation mark, U+2018
&rsquo;&#8217;right single quotation mark, U+2019
&sbquo;&#8218;single low-9 quotation mark, U+201A NEW
&ldquo;&#8220;left double quotation mark, U+201C
&rdquo;&#8221;right double quotation mark, U+201D
&bdquo;&#8222;double low-9 quotation mark, U+201E NEW
&dagger;&#8224;dagger, U+2020
&Dagger;&#8225;double dagger, U+2021
&permil;&#8240;per mille sign, U+2030
&lsaquo;&#8249;single left-pointing angle quotation mark, U+2039 ISO proposed
&rsaquo;&#8250;single right-pointing angle quotation mark, U+203A ISO proposed
&euro;&#8364; euro sign, U+20AC NEW
Mathematical, Greek and Symbolic characters
ƒ&fnof;&#402;latin small letter f with hook = function = florin, U+0192
Α&Alpha;&#913;greek capital letter alpha, U+0391
Β&Beta;&#914;greek capital letter beta, U+0392
Γ&Gamma;&#915;greek capital letter gamma, U+0393 ISOgrk3
Δ&Delta;&#916;greek capital letter delta, U+0394 ISOgrk3
Ε&Epsilon;&#917;greek capital letter epsilon, U+0395
Ζ&Zeta;&#918;greek capital letter zeta, U+0396
Η&Eta;&#919;greek capital letter eta, U+0397
Θ&Theta;&#920;greek capital letter theta, U+0398 ISOgrk3
Ι&Iota;&#921;greek capital letter iota, U+0399
Κ&Kappa;&#922;greek capital letter kappa, U+039A
Λ&Lambda;&#923;greek capital letter lamda, U+039B ISOgrk3
Μ&Mu;&#924;greek capital letter mu, U+039C
Ν&Nu;&#925;greek capital letter nu, U+039D
Ξ&Xi;&#926;greek capital letter xi, U+039E ISOgrk3
Ο&Omicron;&#927;greek capital letter omicron, U+039F
Π&Pi;&#928;greek capital letter pi, U+03A0 ISOgrk3
Ρ&Rho;&#929;greek capital letter rho, U+03A1
Σ&Sigma;&#931;greek capital letter sigma, U+03A3 ISOgrk3
Τ&Tau;&#932;greek capital letter tau, U+03A4
Υ&Upsilon;&#933;greek capital letter upsilon, U+03A5 ISOgrk3
Φ&Phi;&#934;greek capital letter phi, U+03A6 ISOgrk3
Χ&Chi;&#935;greek capital letter chi, U+03A7
Ψ&Psi;&#936;greek capital letter psi, U+03A8 ISOgrk3
Ω&Omega;&#937;greek capital letter omega, U+03A9 ISOgrk3
α&alpha;&#945;greek small letter alpha, U+03B1 ISOgrk3
β&beta;&#946;greek small letter beta, U+03B2 ISOgrk3
γ&gamma;&#947;greek small letter gamma, U+03B3 ISOgrk3
δ&delta;&#948;greek small letter delta, U+03B4 ISOgrk3
ε&epsilon;&#949;greek small letter epsilon, U+03B5 ISOgrk3
ζ&zeta;&#950;greek small letter zeta, U+03B6 ISOgrk3
η&eta;&#951;greek small letter eta, U+03B7 ISOgrk3
θ&theta;&#952;greek small letter theta, U+03B8 ISOgrk3
ι&iota;&#953;greek small letter iota, U+03B9 ISOgrk3
κ&kappa;&#954;greek small letter kappa, U+03BA ISOgrk3
λ&lambda;&#955;greek small letter lamda, U+03BB ISOgrk3
μ&mu;&#956;greek small letter mu, U+03BC ISOgrk3
ν&nu;&#957;greek small letter nu, U+03BD ISOgrk3
ξ&xi;&#958;greek small letter xi, U+03BE ISOgrk3
ο&omicron;&#959;greek small letter omicron, U+03BF NEW
π&pi;&#960;greek small letter pi, U+03C0 ISOgrk3
ρ&rho;&#961;greek small letter rho, U+03C1 ISOgrk3
ς&sigmaf;&#962;greek small letter final sigma, U+03C2 ISOgrk3
σ&sigma;&#963;greek small letter sigma, U+03C3 ISOgrk3
τ&tau;&#964;greek small letter tau, U+03C4 ISOgrk3
υ&upsilon;&#965;greek small letter upsilon, U+03C5 ISOgrk3
φ&phi;&#966;greek small letter phi, U+03C6 ISOgrk3
χ&chi;&#967;greek small letter chi, U+03C7 ISOgrk3
ψ&psi;&#968;greek small letter psi, U+03C8 ISOgrk3
ω&omega;&#969;greek small letter omega, U+03C9 ISOgrk3
ϑ&thetasym;&#977;greek theta symbol, U+03D1 NEW
ϒ&upsih;&#978;greek upsilon with hook symbol, U+03D2 NEW
ϖ&piv;&#982;greek pi symbol, U+03D6 ISOgrk3
&bull;&#8226;bullet = black small circle, U+2022 ISOpub
&hellip;&#8230;horizontal ellipsis = three dot leader, U+2026 ISOpub
&prime;&#8242;prime = minutes = feet, U+2032
&Prime;&#8243;double prime = seconds = inches, U+2033
&oline;&#8254;overline = spacing overscore, U+203E NEW
&frasl;&#8260;fraction slash, U+2044 NEW
&weierp;&#8472;script capital P = power set = Weierstrass p, U+2118 ISOamso
&image;&#8465;black-letter capital I = imaginary part, U+2111 ISOamso
&real;&#8476;black-letter capital R = real part symbol, U+211C ISOamso
&trade;&#8482;trade mark sign, U+2122
&alefsym;&#8501;alef symbol = first transfinite cardinal, U+2135 NEW
&larr;&#8592;leftwards arrow, U+2190
&uarr;&#8593;upwards arrow, U+2191
&rarr;&#8594;rightwards arrow, U+2192
&darr;&#8595;downwards arrow, U+2193
&harr;&#8596;left right arrow, U+2194
&crarr;&#8629;downwards arrow with corner leftwards = carriage return, U+21B5 NEW
&lArr;&#8656;leftwards double arrow, U+21D0
&uArr;&#8657;upwards double arrow, U+21D1
&rArr;&#8658;rightwards double arrow, U+21D2
&dArr;&#8659;downwards double arrow, U+21D3
&hArr;&#8660;left right double arrow, U+21D4
&forall;&#8704;for all, U+2200
&part;&#8706;partial differential, U+2202
&exist;&#8707;there exists, U+2203
&empty;&#8709;empty set = null set, U+2205 ISOamso
&nabla;&#8711;nabla = backward difference, U+2207
&isin;&#8712;element of, U+2208
&notin;&#8713;not an element of, U+2209
&ni;&#8715;contains as member, U+220B
&prod;&#8719;n-ary product = product sign, U+220F ISOamsb
&sum;&#8721;n-ary summation, U+2211 ISOamsb
&minus;&#8722;minus sign, U+2212
&lowast;&#8727;asterisk operator, U+2217
&radic;&#8730;square root = radical sign, U+221A
&prop;&#8733;proportional to, U+221D
&infin;&#8734;infinity, U+221E
&ang;&#8736;angle, U+2220 ISOamso
&and;&#8743;logical and = wedge, U+2227
&or;&#8744;logical or = vee, U+2228
&cap;&#8745;intersection = cap, U+2229
&cup;&#8746;union = cup, U+222A
&int;&#8747;integral, U+222B
&there4;&#8756;therefore, U+2234
&sim;&#8764;tilde operator = varies with = similar to, U+223C
&cong;&#8773;approximately equal to, U+2245
&asymp;&#8776;almost equal to = asymptotic to, U+2248 ISOamsr
&ne;&#8800;not equal to, U+2260
&equiv;&#8801;identical to, U+2261
&le;&#8804;less-than or equal to, U+2264
&ge;&#8805;greater-than or equal to, U+2265
&sub;&#8834;subset of, U+2282
&sup;&#8835;superset of, U+2283
&nsub;&#8836;not a subset of, U+2284 ISOamsn
&sube;&#8838;subset of or equal to, U+2286
&supe;&#8839;superset of or equal to, U+2287
&oplus;&#8853;circled plus = direct sum, U+2295 ISOamsb
&otimes;&#8855;circled times = vector product, U+2297 ISOamsb
&perp;&#8869;up tack = orthogonal to = perpendicular, U+22A5
&sdot;&#8901;dot operator, U+22C5 ISOamsb
&lceil;&#8968;left ceiling = APL upstile, U+2308
&rceil;&#8969;right ceiling, U+2309
&lflor;&#8970;left floor = APL downstile, U+230A
&rfloor;&#8971;right floor, U+230B
&lang;&#9001;left-pointing angle bracket = bra, U+2329
&rang;&#9002;right-pointing angle bracket = ket, U+232A
&loz;&#9674;lozenge, U+25CA
&spades;&#9824;black spade suit, U+2660
&clubs;&#9827;black club suit = shamrock, U+2663
&hearts;&#9829;black heart suit = valentine, U+2665
&diams;&#9830;black diamond suit, U+2666

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All tutorials and content written by Rick Bull unless otherwise stated
Page's last update: Friday, 15th January 2010; 12:54:19 GMT +0000
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